About Us


Exploring Minds is  an organization for  education. Its primary focus is on play based curriculum. It’s aim is to create awareness about process oriented learning. On Explorimind.com website you will find information about kindergarten readiness, creative writing and bilingual learning. Though the site focuses on Hindi English bilingual resources, the tips here are useful for any second language learning. We are also adding some French learning resources.

Madhavi Sudarsana is the founder of Exploring Minds. She is a lecturer who specializes in multi-cultural and bilingual education.
She has created her own multi-sensory program for teaching Hindi as a second language to children and adults.
She currently teaches early childhood education at an undergraduate level in California Community colleges.
She also works as Parent Educator, and PITC (Program for Infants and Toddler Caregivers) trainer.
She has masters in psychology and a certificate in Educational Therapy.

She along with Shruti Piduri also teaches creative writing to upper elementary school children. Shruti is a highschool senior who has also written a few sight word books. She is the contributor for French part of this website.

Visit her other site , Exploring Minds Organization for early childhood education related resources.

Math Activities for Daily Routines

In the previous post the kindergarten math standards are discussed in details. In this post, the focus is mainly on incorporating the same standards in informal way, without really preparing for specific activities. It is like making math a part of the routine.

Counting: Children at this age should be able to count items up to 10 with one on one correspondence. They should know number up to 20. To facilitate this count everything with children. Count at circle time, count at snack time; count when children play (jumping jacks)

Classifying: Pre k children should be intentionally able to see the differences and similarities between objects. When children are playing with toys you can ask questions about how two objects are similar or different.

Geometry: Shapes are something that children love to look for naturally. Point out shapes in the environment. For e.g. you may say, door is rectangular and the window is square. Puzzles develop spatial awareness so have them always available for children.

Money is the concept that young children do not grasp. For them 2 pennies are more valuable than the dollar bill just because pennies are more in quantity than the bill. Just encourage them to use play money when they are playing with the cash register.

Time is another concept that children do not get. So just talk about routines like nap comes after lunch and then also mention time but do not insist on making them understand the concept.

Hindi Consonants group 2

You will learn to read Hindi vowels and consonants in the next several posts. Each post will focus on one group of consonants. Listen to the sounds in the video and also practice writing those letters. Video also has pictures.

च, छ, ज, झ,
ch, chh, j, jh
Consonants group 2

  • च, ch
  • चम्मच, chammach
  • Spoon
  • मैंने  चम्मच  से  खाना  खाया .
  • Maine chammach se khaanaa khaayaa.
  • I ate with the spoon.
  • छ , chh
  • छाता, chhaataa, Umbrella
  • छाता मुझे बारिश से बचाता है।
  • Chhaataa mujhe bearish se bachaataa hai.
  • The umbrella protects me from rain.
  • ज, j
  • जहाज, jahaaj,
  • ship
  • जहाज पानीमें तैरता है।
  • Jahaaj paani me tairtaa hai.
  • A ship floats in water.
  • झ, jh
  • झूला, jhoolaa,
  • swing
  • मुझे झूले पर झूलना पसंद है।
  • Mujhe jhule par jhulanaa pasand hai.
  • I like swinging on the swing.


A Parent’s Guide to Teach Children to Read: Part 3

These are some of the activities that you can do with young children to create print awareness.

To create print awareness point out that there are pictures and words on;

  • Food packaging, Clothing, Buildings, Automobiles, Billboards
  • Help children to connect pictures and words. Usually young children have good picture memory. You must have noticed how even two years old can recognize their regular shops like Target or restaurants like McDonalds.
  • Children love to read road signs and this can be a good game when they are in car.

Make signs for everyday routines; for e.g.

  • EXIT for the door
  • BUCKLE on the car seat
  • BRUSH TEETH on the mirror
  • ICE CREAM on the fridge door

Play games like;

Buried treasures game: Take a tub if sand. Burry a few letters in the sand. Ask child to find them with the magnetic wand. Talk about its name, features. Start with the letters in child’s name
Coupon match: Cut labels from the food container boxes. Find coupons or advertisements that match those products. Draw child’s attention to the details of similarities
Object hunt: Pick one letter and go around the house to find objects starting with it. You can use it while shopping too
Making books: Make a book with household items. Write your child’s name for e.g. “Tony’s house”. Children love to read books that include their own names
Make a book that describe child’s daily routine or familiar places. Label those. Encourage child to read.
Walk a letter: Make a big letter on the floor with masking tape. Ask child to walk over it, touch it

Techniques for Writing

All these techniques work when you start writing. Use them as individual or group exercises.

  • Brainstorming: Note down all the ideas that you get.
  • Free writing: Write for few minutes without stopping.
  • Pick a topic and write ideas that are related to it in one minute.
  • Outline your story: Just make notes of beginning, middle and the ending part of your story
  • Story-boarding : Lay out your story and illustrations that go with it


Ideas for Writing

You can get ideas from your daily life. You can turn your common experiences into appealing stories. The ideas can come from;

Daily experiences at home/ school
Special events like birthdays/ holidays
Something that you do in your family like a family tradition. It can be anything like a traditional holiday or a simple game night.
Special places like vacations


Poetry Writing

Exploring Minds presents poetry writing course.

This class is designed for children between 4th and 6th grade.

Over the course of four weeks, students will be introduced to a variety of poetry styles and techniques. Each week, students will practice writing both rhyming and free verse poems in a variety of styles including Acrostics, Haikus, Narrative Poems, Odes, List Poems, Persona/Metaphor Poems.

At the end of the course, students will share their poetry with the rest of the class, and will have the option of self-publishing the poems they wrote throughout the course.






Publish Your Book for Kindle

Exploring Minds presents creative writing course.

Description: This class is designed for children between 4th and 6th grade. Over the course of four weeks, students will write and illustrate their own picture book, which they will then publish as a book for Kindle. Though the focus of this course is to write a picture book, students will also be exposed to different writing techniques, and will further develop their creative writing skills. After the fourth week, parents will receive a file from the instructors containing their child’s book, as well as instructions for publishing the book for Kindle.

Students can expect 2-3 hours of homework per week.

Class size is restricted to 4 or 5 students, maximum.

Each week student will do a variety of creative writing exercises in class and at home while working on their books.

Course Outline

Week 1: Brainstorming

            Homework: Come up with 3 story ideas.

Week 2: Plot and Character Development

            Homework: First draft and start illustrations

Week 3: Illustrations, Cover Page, and Editing

            Homework: second draft

Week 4: Final Edition and Reading

            Students will write and illustrate a complete picture book.

Hindi Consonants group 1

You will learn to read Hindi vowels and consonants in the next several posts. Each post will focus on one group of consonants. Listen to the sounds  in the video and also practice writing those letters.Video also has pictures.

क K, ख KH, ग G, घ GH
Consonants group 1

  • क K  
  • कछुआ kachhua turtle / tortoise
  • कछुआ  धीरे  धीरे  चलता  है.
  • Kachhua dheere dheere chalataa hai.
  • A tortoise walks slowly.
  • ख KH  
  • खरगोश kharagosh
  • Rabbit
  • खरगोश  तेजीसे  भागता  है.
  • Kharagosh tejise bhagataa hai.
  • A rabbits runs fast.
  • ग G    
  • गाय gaay
  • Cow
  • गाय  घांस  खाती  है.
  • Gaay ghaans khaati hai.
  • A cow eats grass.
  • घ GH  
  • घोड़ा ghodaa
  • Horse
  • घोड़ा  काले  रंग  का  है.
  • Ghodaa kale rang kaa hai.
  • A horse is black.

A Parent’s Guide to Teach Children to Read: Part 2

The research shows that the children who read early are the ones who were read to from early on. Reading is a source of enjoyment for both parents and children alike.

There are several benefits of reading aloud to children.

  • Early reading experiences are also about physical intimacy with the parent. The young child always sits in a lap while being read to. This kind of cozy interaction creates a positive emotion towards reading.
  • It’s a way to enrich child’s vocabulary. Reading introduces formal book language. A child comes across several words that they start using in their own conversation, even when they may not fully grasp the meaning of it. They also develop awareness of differences between similarities and differences between spoken and written language
  • They develop print awareness; for e.g. They understand that the letters can be grouped to form words and the words have meaning. They can identify the beginning and the end of the book or the sentence.

Choosing books to read aloud.

  • Do not under-estimate child’s taste. It is very likely that if you do not like some book, they may not like it too. Usually, good books are the books that adults like reading too. Children love to hear these books again and again
  • While choosing books for children see if they match their developmental level. The topic should be interesting and developmentally appropriate for the children
  • Usually younger children like the books that rhyme while older children like the books that revolve around their everyday experiences.

How to read books to children?

  • Point each word while reading. If possible sound out some of them. It develops phonological awareness.
  • Draw children’s attention to illustrations. Ask children to guess what story is about or ask them to read it to you by looking at illustrations.
  • Talk about the story as you read. You do not need to read just what is written. It can be more of conversation. Ask Open ended questions that involve why, where, who, what and how.
  • Ask children to predict what will happen next in the story.

Watch this video to see how to read to children.

Swar, Vowels in Hindi

You will learn to read Hindi vowels and consonants in the next several posts. Each post will focus on one group of consonants. Listen to the sounds and also practice writing those letters.

a as in alarm




aa as in papa




i as in ink




eeas in deep




u as in put




ऊoo as in school




ae (e as in egg)





Sounds like AI in Kaiser




O as in Oats





Sounds like OU in FOUL but O and u are sounded together and quickly





am as in am but just nasal a





ah as in aha

This letter is usually used in conjunction with a consonant