About Us


Exploring Minds is  an organization for early childhood education. It focuses on play based and emergent curriculum. It’s aim is to create awareness about process oriented learning. On Explorimind.com website you will find information about kindergarten readiness and bilingual learning. Though the site focuses on Hindi English bilingual resources, the tips here are useful for any second language learning.

Exploringminds.org is the website where you will find relevant information about Early Childhood Education, philosophies, classroom strategies and activities.

Madhavi Sudarsana is the founder of Exploring Minds. She is a lecturer who specializes in multi-cultural and bilingual education.
She has created her own multi-sensory program for teaching Hindi as a second language to children and adults. She also has her own multi-sensory program for teaching reading.
She currently teaches early childhood education at an undergraduate level in California.
She also works as Parent Educator, and PITC (Program for Infants and Toddler Caregivers) trainer.
She has masters in psychology and a certificate in Educational Therapy.

Visit my other site , Exploring Minds Organization for early childhood education related resources.

Bunny on the Run

I have a little bunny. She is black. She has big ears that lop around her head. She is a Holland Lop bunny.


She is very naughty. Sometimes she eats leaves off my house plants. Sometimes she chews on the wires hanging from the walls. But most of the times she likes to jump and run around.

One day, she escaped from her room. I ran after her to catch her.

She jumped on the sofa. When I tried to catch her there, she ran under the bed. It was hard for me to get under the bed so I got a carrot to lure her out. But my bunny is very smart. She came out, took the carrot and then went back under the bed. I pretended to walk away from there. When she thought that she is alone in the room, she came out. I was standing outside the door. As soon as she came to the door, I caught her. She was mad at me so she kicked me with her hind leg. But I held on to her and took her back to her hutch. Once she was inside, I gave her favorite toy, toilet paper roll, to play with.

My bunny makes me run a lot but I always have fun with her.

Curriculum: Read the story and identify the sight words. Once the child is familiar with the words, then point out the word and let the child say it when you are reading this story.

Kriyaapad 2, Verbs

मुझे  शर्ट  खरीदनी  है .
Mujhe shirt kharidani hai.
I want to buy a shirt.


दूसरे  माले  से  कूदना  मत.
Doosare maale se kudanaa mat.
Don’t jump off the second floor.
यहाँ  से  जल्दी  जल्दी  भागो .
Yahaan se jaldi jaladi bhaago.
Run away very quickly from here.


स्कूल  जाते  वख्त  मुझे  बैग  ढोना पड़ता  है .
School jaate vakhta mujhe bag dhonaa padataa hai.
I have to carry bag while going to school.


मुझे  अच्छी  चित्र  बनानी  नहीं  आती.
Mujhe achchhi chitra bananee nahi aatee.
I cannot draw well.

Lion Learns to Dance

Tom was a big lion in the jungle. He looked very scary but he was a very friendly lion. He loved watching other animals dance. He often wished that he could dance too but whenever he tried to dance he would lose his balance and fall down. Then all the animals would shout, “Tom, we love you but please don’t dance.”

Tom felt very sad about it.


One day, Rick the mouse came to the jungle. He did not know anything about Tom.


Tom was taking a nap. Rick started dancing near him. Since Tom was asleep, Rick started coming closer to him. Tom was watching him with his eyes half closed. Rick was dancing around him and shaking his tail. When he came very close, Tom grabbed his tail.

Rick got very scared. Tom held him in his paw and started laughing.

Rick said, “Please don’t eat me. I will not trouble you again.”

Tom said, “I am not going to eat you. I liked your dance. I really like to dance but everyone laughs at me when I start dancing. If you teach me how to dance, then I will let you go.”

Rick said, “That is easy. Get up and then move your front leg forward and then you move it backward.”

Tom did the same. Rick showed him how to move his legs without falling down. Rick taught Tom a few more steps, and soon Tom started dancing without losing his balance. He invited all his animal friends to watch him and Rick dance. The animals were surprised to see Tom’s performance. They all clapped and cheered for him. When Tom told them about Rick, they all wanted Rick to teach them too. So Rick opened a dance school and soon became a famous dance teacher.

Curriculum: Read the story. This story is good for dramatic play, so you can act it out with the children. Create sight words that are suitable for your act. Ask children to act out the story and also to identify familiar words. 

, Kriyaapad 1, Action Verbs

मुझे  बॉल के  साथ  खेलना  है .
Mujhe ball ke saath khelanaa hai.
I want to play with the ball


यह  पेन  लेलो.
Yah pen lelo.
Take this pen.


मुझे   ख़त  देदो .
Mujhe khat dedo.
Give me a letter.


मेरे  साथ  चलो.
Mere saath chalo.
Come with me.


यह  कमरा  साफ़  करो .
Yah kamaraa saaf karo.
Clean this room.


खेलना : To play , khelanaa

देना : To give , denaa

लेना : To take, lenaa

चलना : To come, chalanaa

साफ़ करना: To clean, saaf karanaa



Fast / slow
The rabbit runs very fast.
 The tortoise is slow.
The elephant is big.
The fox is small.
The snake is long.
The worm is short.
Scary/ friendly
The tiger is scary.
The dog is friendly.
Curriculum: The children need to be aware of the concept of opposite words in pre kindergarten. They also need to know some of the commonly used opposite words. Create a set of these words. Use them for memory game. The child will learn opposite words and also will learn to read them by sight reading. 

Junglee Jaanvar, Wild Animals

हिरन  और  खरगोश  दोनों  तेजीसे  भागते  हैं .
Hiran aur khargosh dono tejise bhaagate hain.
Deer and rabbit run fast.

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ऊंट  के  पीठ  पे  कूबड़  होते  है.
Unt ke peeth pe kubad hote hai.
The camel has humps on his back.


लोमड़ी  चालाक  है .
Lomadi chaalaak hai.
The fox is clever.


भालू  भूरे  रंग  का  है .
Bhaalu bhure rang kaa hai.
The bear is brown.


सांप  जमीन  पे  रेंगता  है
Saanp jamin pe rengataa hai.
The snake slithers on the ground


मगर  और  मछली  पानी  में  तैरते  हैं .
Magar aur machhali paani me tairate hain.
The crocodile and the fish swim in the water.

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Frog’s Snack

Frogs like to eat insects. They have long sticky tongues that they flick out and use to catch these insects.
One day, a green frog was sitting on a big rock. He saw one fly buzzing near him. His mouth started watering, and he began to think of what a delicious snack it would make.


He hopped towards the fly but the fly buzzed away. He was sad. But after a few minutes, another fly came near him.


 He didn’t want to scare this fly away, so he sat very still. He did not have to wait very long. The fly sat on his nose.
The frog flicked out his long and sticky tongue and caught the fly. Yum! he had a delicious snack.

Curriculum: Make cards for the sight words underlined in this story. Ask child to match those with the words in the story. Also, talk about frogs as a science lesson.

Ank vakyonme, Numbers in Sentences

Watch video here


मेरा  एक  कुत्ता  है .
Meraa ek cheharaa hai.
I have one dog.


मुझे  दो  हाथ  हैं .
Mujhe do haath hai.
I have two hands.


मेरे  पास  तीन  किताबे  हैं .
Mere paas teen kitaabe hain.
I have three books.


कुत्ते  के  चार  पैर  होते  हैं .
Kutte ke chaar pair hote hain.
The dog has four legs.


मेरे  हाथ  में  पांच  उंगलियाँ  हैं .
Mere haath me paanch ungaliyan hain.
I have five fingers on my hand.


मैंने  छे  फुल  तोड़े .
Maine chhe ful tode.
I picked six flowers.


मेरे  घर  में  सात  कमरे  हैं .
Mere ghar me saat kamare hain.
I have seven rooms in my house.


मेरे  जनमदीन  पर  आठ  दोस्त  आयेंगे .
Mere janamdeen par aath dost aayenge.
Eight friends will come for my birthday.


 आकाश  में  नौ  ग्रह  हैं .
Aakaash me nau grah hain.
There are nine planets in the sky.


दस  बार  दस  गिने  तो  सौ बन  जाते  हैं .
Das baar das gine to sau ban jaate hain.
Ten times tens makes hundred.


Five Ws, Using Question Words

Where is my book?
My book is here.


Where are you taking it?
I am taking it to my room.
When did I get the book?
I got this book the day before yesterday.
What is inside the book?
There is a story and pictures in the book.


When will you read this book?
I will read this book today.
Why will you read the book?
I like reading books with pictures in them.
Who else will read this book?
My friend will read this book.
Curriculum: Talk about these basic questions, which are used in information gathering. Create different sentences using them. Teach children to construct questions using these words. Use them as sight words and ask child to read them as whole words.

Rishte, Relations

watch video here


माँ ma mom


पिताजी pitaaji dad


बहन  bahan sister


भाई bhaai brother


चाचा,chaachaa (Dad’s brother) ,मामा, maamaa (Mom’s brother) ,  uncle


चाची, chaachee , मामी, maamee,   aunt


दादा, daadaa (Dad’s dad), नाना, naanaa (mom’s dad),  grandpa


नानी, naanee (mom’s mom), दादी, daadee (dad’s mom), grandma