About Us


Exploring Minds is  an organization for  education. Its primary focus is on play based curriculum. It’s aim is to create awareness about process oriented learning. On Explorimind.com website you will find information about kindergarten readiness, creative writing and bilingual learning. Though the site focuses on Hindi English bilingual resources, the tips here are useful for any second language learning. We are also adding some French learning resources.

Madhavi Sudarsana is the founder of Exploring Minds. She is a lecturer who specializes in multi-cultural and bilingual education.
She has created her own multi-sensory program for teaching Hindi as a second language to children and adults.
She currently teaches early childhood education at an undergraduate level in California Community colleges.
She also works as Parent Educator, and PITC (Program for Infants and Toddler Caregivers) trainer.
She has masters in psychology and a certificate in Educational Therapy.

She along with Shruti Piduri also teaches creative writing to upper elementary school children. Shruti is a highschool senior who has also written a few sight word books. She is the contributor for French part of this website.

Visit her other site , Exploring Minds Organization for early childhood education related resources.

Hindi Consonants Group 5

You will learn to read Hindi vowels and consonants in the next several posts. Each post will focus on one group of consonants. Listen to the sounds in the video and also practice writing those letters. Video also has pictures.

प फ ब भ म
P ph b bh m
Consonants 5

  • प p
  • पत्ता pattaa
  • Leaf
  • पत्ते  गिर  रहे  हैं।
  • Patte gir rahe hai.
  • Leaves are falling
  • फ ph
  • फूल phool
  • Flower
  • वह  फूल  लाल  रंग  का  है .
  • Vah Phool laal rang kaa hai.
  • That flower is red.
  • ब b
  • बकरा bakaraa Goat
  • बकरा  ब्याँ ब्याँ  करता  है .
  • Bakaraa byan byan karataa hai.
  • Goat is doing Byan byan
  • भ bh
  • भालू bhaaloo
  • Bear
  • उसके  खिलौनों  में  भालू  था .
  • Usake khilouno me Bhaaloo thaa.
  • She has bear in her toys.
  • म m
  • माचिस maachis
  • Matchstick  
  • माचिस  को  हाथ  मत  लगाना .
  • Maachis ko haath mat lagaana.
  • Don’t touch the match box.

Word Families: “at”

You will find several short entries that you can ask children to read. Each entry focuses on one word family at a time. When you introduce these word families to children, make sure to focus only one at a time.

Read the entry first and then ask child to read it. Point out how they can make different words just by replacing the first letter. Encourage children to make nonsense words too, as they help them to understand phonics.

Word family “at”

Words: hat, mat, cat, rat, that, fat, sat, bat

 The rat was hiding under the mat.

 The cat sat on the mat.


The rat got mad and out he ran.

The rat found a bat. He put it on his head as hat.

The cat saw the rat wearing a bat.


He laughed so much rolling on the mat.

The Rat got mad again and out he ran.

The Cat found a hat and gave it to rat.

The Rat and the cat now played with the bat.

Connect the word with the picture

Rat            image004

Hat            image001

Mat              image003

Cat             image005

Bat             image002

Hindi Consonant group 4

You will learn to read Hindi vowels and consonants in the next several posts. Each post will focus on one group of consonants. Listen to the sounds in the video and also practice writing those letters. Video also has pictures.

T th d dh n group
Consonant group 4

  • T त Taalaa
  • ताला
  • Lock
  • ताले  के  लिए  चाबी  चाहिए .
  • Taale ke liye chaabee chaahiye.
  • The lock needs a key.
  • Th थ 
  • thaalee थाली
  • Plate
  • थाली  में  खाना  खाते  है .
  • Thaalee me khaanaa khaate hai.
  • We eat in the plate
  • D द
  • doodh दूध
  • Milk
  • दूध  पीने  से  ताकद  आती  है .
  • Doodh peene se taakad aatee hai.
  • Drinking milk makes you strong.
  • Dh ध
  • dhaagaa  धागा
  • String
  • धागा  सुई  में  जाता  है .
  • Dhaagaa sui me jaataa hai.
  • A thread goes in the needle.
  • N न
  • nal  नल
  • Tap
  • नल  खुला  मत  रखना .
  • Nal khulaa mat rakhanaa.
  • Don’t leave the tap open.

Integrating Standards in a Single Activity

When we are doing some activities with children as teacher or as parents, often we can combine several learning standards in a single set up. Following activities will incorporate both Science and math activities for kindergarten readiness. Refer to previous posts on standards for science and math.

Magnets: Give children several objects and magnets. The children can explore magnets and find out the properties of magnets. At the same time when you ask children to see which objects are magnetic and which are not, you are incorporating “sorting and classifying” learning standard for math.

Float and sink: Fill a big tub with water. Ask children to find items in the classroom/ at home. Ask them to predict if the object will float or sink. Also, ask them to give reason for their hypothesis. This promotes critical and scientific thinking. Once children experiment with a bunch of objects, ask them to plot a graph indicating how many float and how many sink. This way you will include data analysis standard for math.

Air: Give children straws and ask them to blow air to push cotton balls and some small toys across the table. Not only will they explore the properties of air and see how much lung power it takes to move different types of objects. To incorporate measurement standard for math, you can ask children to measure the distance when the objects move. It can also be race.

Hindi Consonant group 3

You will learn to read Hindi vowels and consonants in the next several posts. Each post will focus on one group of consonants. Listen to the sounds in the video and also practice writing those letters. Video also has pictures.

ट  ठ  ड 
T TH D Dh group

Consonant 3

  • ट  T
  • टाका taakaa
  • Stitch
  • मेरे  कुर्ते  का  टाका निकल  गया .
  • Mere kurte kaa taakaa nikal gayaa.
  • A stitch from my shirt has come out.
  • ठ Th
  • ठंडा  Thandaa, Cold
  • मुझे  ठण्ड  लग  रही  है .
  • Mujhe thand lag rahee hai.
  • I feel cold.
  • ड D
  • डब्बा  dabbaa,
  • Box
  • मैंने   डब्बा   खोला .
  • Maine dabbaa kholaa.
  • I opened the container.
  • ढ  Dh
  • ढोल dhol,
  • Drum
  • क्या  आपको  ढोल  बजाना  आता  है ?
  • Kyaa aapako dhol bajaanaa aataa hai?
  • Can you play drums?

Math Activities for Daily Routines

In the previous post the kindergarten math standards are discussed in details. In this post, the focus is mainly on incorporating the same standards in informal way, without really preparing for specific activities. It is like making math a part of the routine.

Counting: Children at this age should be able to count items up to 10 with one on one correspondence. They should know number up to 20. To facilitate this count everything with children. Count at circle time, count at snack time; count when children play (jumping jacks)

Classifying: Pre k children should be intentionally able to see the differences and similarities between objects. When children are playing with toys you can ask questions about how two objects are similar or different.

Geometry: Shapes are something that children love to look for naturally. Point out shapes in the environment. For e.g. you may say, door is rectangular and the window is square. Puzzles develop spatial awareness so have them always available for children.

Money is the concept that young children do not grasp. For them 2 pennies are more valuable than the dollar bill just because pennies are more in quantity than the bill. Just encourage them to use play money when they are playing with the cash register.

Time is another concept that children do not get. So just talk about routines like nap comes after lunch and then also mention time but do not insist on making them understand the concept.

Hindi Consonants group 2

You will learn to read Hindi vowels and consonants in the next several posts. Each post will focus on one group of consonants. Listen to the sounds in the video and also practice writing those letters. Video also has pictures.

च, छ, ज, झ,
ch, chh, j, jh
Consonants group 2

  • च, ch
  • चम्मच, chammach
  • Spoon
  • मैंने  चम्मच  से  खाना  खाया .
  • Maine chammach se khaanaa khaayaa.
  • I ate with the spoon.
  • छ , chh
  • छाता, chhaataa, Umbrella
  • छाता मुझे बारिश से बचाता है।
  • Chhaataa mujhe bearish se bachaataa hai.
  • The umbrella protects me from rain.
  • ज, j
  • जहाज, jahaaj,
  • ship
  • जहाज पानीमें तैरता है।
  • Jahaaj paani me tairtaa hai.
  • A ship floats in water.
  • झ, jh
  • झूला, jhoolaa,
  • swing
  • मुझे झूले पर झूलना पसंद है।
  • Mujhe jhule par jhulanaa pasand hai.
  • I like swinging on the swing.


A Parent’s Guide to Teach Children to Read: Part 3

These are some of the activities that you can do with young children to create print awareness.

To create print awareness point out that there are pictures and words on;

  • Food packaging, Clothing, Buildings, Automobiles, Billboards
  • Help children to connect pictures and words. Usually young children have good picture memory. You must have noticed how even two years old can recognize their regular shops like Target or restaurants like McDonalds.
  • Children love to read road signs and this can be a good game when they are in car.

Make signs for everyday routines; for e.g.

  • EXIT for the door
  • BUCKLE on the car seat
  • BRUSH TEETH on the mirror
  • ICE CREAM on the fridge door

Play games like;

Buried treasures game: Take a tub if sand. Burry a few letters in the sand. Ask child to find them with the magnetic wand. Talk about its name, features. Start with the letters in child’s name
Coupon match: Cut labels from the food container boxes. Find coupons or advertisements that match those products. Draw child’s attention to the details of similarities
Object hunt: Pick one letter and go around the house to find objects starting with it. You can use it while shopping too
Making books: Make a book with household items. Write your child’s name for e.g. “Tony’s house”. Children love to read books that include their own names
Make a book that describe child’s daily routine or familiar places. Label those. Encourage child to read.
Walk a letter: Make a big letter on the floor with masking tape. Ask child to walk over it, touch it

Techniques for Writing

All these techniques work when you start writing. Use them as individual or group exercises.

  • Brainstorming: Note down all the ideas that you get.
  • Free writing: Write for few minutes without stopping.
  • Pick a topic and write ideas that are related to it in one minute.
  • Outline your story: Just make notes of beginning, middle and the ending part of your story
  • Story-boarding : Lay out your story and illustrations that go with it


Ideas for Writing

You can get ideas from your daily life. You can turn your common experiences into appealing stories. The ideas can come from;

Daily experiences at home/ school
Special events like birthdays/ holidays
Something that you do in your family like a family tradition. It can be anything like a traditional holiday or a simple game night.
Special places like vacations